Newly published by WSU Extension, four free guides help orchard operators learn whether several popular sweet cherry varieties are feasible for production.
Washington is the number one producer of sweet cherries in the United States; in 2019, the crop was worth nearly $400 million, ranking eighth overall among state commodities. Guides offer current considerations and estimates in determining whether Chelan, Sweetheart, Coral Champagne, and Skeena are economically practical for an orchard business.
Sweetheart makes up about 11% of Washington cherry acreage, Chelan 10%, and Skeena, about 6%. Coral Champagne is a relatively new variety. Guides help growers estimate costs of equipment, materials, supplies, and labor required to establish and produce the variety.
Authors are R. Karina Gallardo, Professor and Extension Specialist with the School of Economic Sciences (SES) and the Center for Precision and Automated Agricultural Systems (CPAAS); and Suzette Galinato, Assistant Director of the Impact Center in SES.
Natural beauty, wildlife, harvest income, family ties, and peace and quiet are some of the many reasons people value their forestland.
WSU Extension’s comprehensive Forest Stewardship Coached Planning course, coming to east King County and Skagit County, helps owners get the most out of the land they love.
The Preston course runs Tuesday evenings, Sept. 6-Nov. 1, at the Preston Community Center, while the Conway course is held on Thursday evenings, Sept. 8-Nov. 3, at the Conway School, Mount Vernon.
Learn about tree type and health, wildlife, thinning and how to cut trees without damaging the land, fire risk mitigation, soil, and invasive weeds, and write a forestry plan to aid in tax reduction and conservation grants. Registration is $160, and is open through Thursday, Sept. 1.
Helping underserved families in Washington State grow healthy skills for life, the WSU Extension Parenting Team was honored this summer for efforts on behalf of equity and inclusivity.
Parenting Team faculty members Kayla Wells-Yoakum, AnaMaria Diaz-Martinez, Brittany Cooper, Jennifer Leach, Louise Parker, and Diane Smith received the Western Extension Director’s Association‘s Award for Excellence in Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion, during the organization’s joint summer meeting, June 29, 2022, in Concord, Calif. This award recognizes outstanding achievement by Extension professionals in reaching traditionally underrepresented populations.
The Extension Parenting Team supports the health of caregivers, parents, and children across Washington, helping build resilient families, enhancing positive parent-caregiver-child interactions, and reducing risks.
“Without the culturally adapted programming led by our team, we would be missing key audiences often left out of traditional parenting programs,” said Wells-Yoakum, Parenting Team member and associate professor in WSU Extension. “We are doing what Extension does best, serving the needs of our communities, and doing so with a focus on diversity, equity, and inclusion.”
Formed in 1999 to provide training and assistance through the Strengthening Families Program for Parents and Youth 10-14 (SFP 10-14), the Parenting Team has expanded its scope to meet diverse childhood development stages, family needs, and cultures. The team focuses on two traditionally underserved populations: Latino and Native American families; Washington is one of the top ten states with the largest Native American population, and more than 13 percent of Washingtonians are Latinx or Hispanic.
The original Strengthening Families program has reached tens of thousands of Washington families. Participants report significant improvements on rules about substance use, positive involvement, family harmony and open communication.
Other successful, award-winning programs include Positive Indian Parenting, a program based on traditional Native American child-rearing practices that applies those practices to parenting today; Fortaleciendo Familias, a culturally-adapted version of SFP 10-14 delivered entirely in Spanish; and Guiding Good Choices, which promotes healthy, protective parent–child interactions and addresses children’s risk for early substance use. Members of the Extension Parenting Team are trained as both facilitators and trainers for all four programs.
During the COVID pandemic, the transition to virtual learning pushed the team to adapt and innovate, ultimately helping programs be more inclusive, accessible, and valuable for parents.
Traditional in-person activities were adapted to meet the needs of virtual audiences, and culturally relevant activities were introduced. The team has also expanded virtual facilitator trainings, offering sessions in English and Spanish, and more than 330 positive parenting podcasts have been downloaded, as well as shared with parents and school counselors.
“Our Extension Parenting Team thanks WSU Extension leadership and Associate Dean and Director Vicki McCracken for recognition that our work has always been about supporting diversity, equity and inclusivity, and for encouraging us to submit for the award,” Wells-Yoakum said.
“This team is highly deserving of the excellence award,” McCracken commented. “Together, they’ve done innovative work in reaching and helping families learn, grow, and be more resilient. They have been able to enhance their impact by effectively working together as a team. Please join me, and their peers across the West, in congratulating them.”
Serving the western U.S. states, territories, and protectorates, WEDA supports members’ Extension organization through education, facilitating stakeholder input, and developing collaborative environments and partnerships. Learn about WEDA at https://weda.extension.org
Interested in farming? Not sure how to begin? Do you dream of beginning or expanding your own small farm? The Cultivating Success™ series of courses combines workshop and farmer-direct learning experiences to help foster the success of new and existing farms. Cultivating Success helps participants explore the unique advantages available to the small and mid-size farm.
Join us for the first course in the series, Whole Farm Planning on Monday evenings, 6 to 8:30 p.m., September 19 through December 5, 2022. Offered statewide, the course will be conducted online using the Zoom platform with in-person field trips available in some regions of Washington state. In addition, the course will be offered with Spanish language interpretation and facilitation.
Weekly presentations include local growers, organizations, and agriculture professionals with expertise in direct marketing, value-added processing, production planning, agronomy, livestock production, and more. Cultivating Success provides students with the tools necessary to create, develop, or expand a sustainable farm operation.
Team members Andrew Perleberg, Kevin Zobrist, Sean Alexander, Patrick Shults, Rebekah Zimmerer, Grace Garrison, Todd Murray, Vikram Yadama, and Karl Englund received WEDA’s Excellence in Programming award as part of the association’s joint annual meeting, June 29, 2022 in Concord, Calif.
“Washington has one of the richest forestry cultures on Earth,” said Perleberg, forestry team leader. “Families care deeply about leaving forests in better shape than when they came into ownership of the land.”
“To be selected as the top Extension program in the West is amazing,” he added. “Because there are so many participants in our programs, we get to hear how our programs have changed people’s lives, often! It is common to hear, ‘I’ll never look at my forest the same way again.'”
The Extension Forestry team provides education and training to Washington’s 215,000 forest-owning families, and those who work with them. Small forest owners manage more than 5 million acres—making them the largest rural land use group in Washington.
Family forests are at risk due to wildfire, drought, insects and disease, invasive species, land-use changes, and past mismanagement resulting in unhealthy, overstocked forests. Education and technical skills are the top needs for owners to plan and employ best practices to steward their lands.
The WSU team combines tradition and technology in reaching learners. During the pandemic, the team launched an Online Field Day over Zoom, replicating it for Online Winter School across three seasons. Extension Forestry has offered more than 200 online webinars and over 100 YouTube videos, as well as downloadable bulletins, podcasts, and pre-recorded modules.
Since 2010, Extension educators have held more than 1,100 events and workshops, attended by more than 53,000 people. Their efforts have led to a $2.7 billion positive net benefit in protected or enhanced forests and resources across every forested county in Washington.
The program influenced forest health, stewardship, and wildfire mitigation treatments, including on more than 366,000 acres controlled by 34,000 families in eastern Washington alone. WSU’s Coached Planning short course created some of the furthest reaching impacts through the planning process. Seventy-three percent of participants in WSU’s Ties to the Land Succession and Estate Planning workshops prepared a 10-year plan. More than a third created 20-year plans. In Forest Manager education, more than 600 logging contractors increased awareness for protecting water quality, as well as their ability to manage insects and disease, prevent fire, protect soil erosion, and market forest products.
“Private forests generate public benefits through the healthy, productive, and safe management executed by the owners– most of whom will never see timber harvest revenues from the trees they plant today,” Perleberg said. “All forest land is important, whether it’s five or 5,000 acres.”
Irrigation plays an essential role in the state’s economy and natural resources. Good irrigation management saves water and energy and increases crop yield and farm profitability.
Intended for producers, agencies, and stakeholders, this publication is part of a series exploring irrigation system efficiency across five Washington counties. Learn about geography, weather, crop status, market value of crops, and irrigation systems in Spokane County. Authors include Don McMoran, Troy Peters, Abdelmoneim Z. Mohamed, Kate Seymour, Sylvi Thortenson, and Patricia J. Munts.
Irrigated agriculture in Washington has been adversely impacted by insufficient water and drought conditions, and there is an urgent need to improve irrigation system efficiency. WSU-WISE (Water and Irrigation Systems Efficiency) evaluates irrigation system efficiency for five counties across Washington state. This publication is part of a series resulting from WISE and provides an overview of irrigated agriculture in Skagit County, a diverse and major agricultural county. Authors include Sylvi Thortenson, Don McMoran, Abdelmoneim Mohamed, and Kate Seymour.
Gaining skills to help Latinx students succeed, 16 CAHNRS faculty and staff members from across Washington state took part June 2022 in a national training program through ESCALA Educational Services.
Spanish for “striving,” ESCALA is a consortium of higher education consultants based in the U.S. Southwest who seek to increase retention and graduation rates of underrepresented students in higher education. The organization works with Hispanic-serving intuitions to close the gap in access and completion rates for Latinx and Hispanic students, helping them transform their institutional culture.
College participants from Pullman, the Tri-Cities, Prosser, and Mount Vernon took part via Zoom, June 6-10. They explored learning behavior and motivation and evaluated their own perspectives, deepening their understanding of cultural difference and how it impacts instruction and learning. The program sought to change the culture of STEM to best promote Latinx student success, with a focus on altering strategies to meet students’ needs.
“With increasing number of students from Latinx and other communities of color in our college, ESCALA training is an opportunity to empower faculty with a broader understanding of changing demographics in the classroom,” said Naidu Rayapati, director and professor at WSU’s Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center at Prosser. “It helps us recalibrate teaching and mentoring activities to promote culturally appropriate pedagogy for the success of linguistically diverse students at WSU, and helps to advance an inclusive culture to better serve our diversifying student body.”
Sponsoring more than a dozen faculty, the CRESCENT project is a great example of successful partnerships between IAREC and Heritage University, a Hispanic Serving Institution, to provide higher education opportunities for future generations of students from under-served communities, Rayapati said.
“I’m hopeful that the CRESCENT project will sponsor more faculty and early career researchers, such as post-docs, in future to benefit from the ESCALA training,” he added.
“ESCALA training highlights the need to re-tool our syllabi, assignments and assessments so there is high-context engagement with all our students,” she noted. “We are focused on student success, and this training is one way to ensure that the curriculum meets the needs of all learners. I want to thank Heritage University, Yakima Valley College, and Dr. Rayapati for their collaborative work in bringing this important training to the faculty and post-doctoral scholars of CAHNRS.”
Learn how to control a pesky weed of grain and pulse crops, attract birds of prey to protect dairies, and view a first-of-its-kind study of the chemical properties of eastern Washington cider, with help from new and revised guides from WSU Extension.
Producing as many as 17,000 seeds per plant, mayweed chamomile is a troublesome weed in grain and pulse crops throughout the high-rain zones of the inland northwest. This guide shares integrated management approaches to help in long-term, sustainable control. Authors include Extension Small Grains Weed Science Professor Drew Lyon; WSU Research Weed Scientist Ian Burke; Oregon State University Extension Weed Science Specialist Andrew Hulting; and University of Idaho Weed Science Research/Instruction Associate Joan Campbell.
With the industry expected to continue growing, now is the perfect time to learn more about the chemistry of Washington-grown hard cider apples. Only a few studies have been published concerning tannin tests for cider apple juices or hard ciders within the northwestern United States. This study examines apple fruit chemistry, including tannin assays, in which several common apple varieties were analyzed. Authors are WSU Department of Horticulture scientists Nathan Tarlyn and Scott Mattinson.
Pest birds, especially European starlings, cause problems for dairies, consuming and spoiling cow feed, and may also transmit diseases. This guide reviews their impact, describes the benefits of attracting native raptors to manage pest birds, and offers recommendations on how to attract native raptor species to dairy farms. Authors include WSU Animal Sciences students Callan Lichtenwalter, Abraham Reguero, and Emma Impala, and WSU Associate Professor and Dairy Management Specialist Amber Adams-Progar.
See all new and revised WSU Extension Publications here.
Daisy Arias, a recent graduate who studied fruit and vegetable management and field crop management recounts her experiences in college and goals after graduation.
When applying to universities, Daisy was unsure of what she wanted to do. After her first internship in high school, Daisy’s interest piqued for agriculture. She was fascinated with the potential for growth within the industry, and how quickly agriculture is evolving. Washington State University’s Integrated Plant Sciences programs offered Daisy the opportunity to further explore her newfound passion.
Daisy, an Entiat Washington native, grew up around apple orchards and agriculture with parents working in the agricultural industry. She aims to contribute more to agriculture by improving the system for farmworkers and fruit growth. Daisy is also passionate about contributing to the field by changing the narrative for women in agriculture.
As a woman of color in agriculture, Daisy has faced barriers at the start of her career in what is often a male-dominated field.
“You’re looked down upon, you’re not able to compete against these men,” Daisy said.
But Daisy found a way to affect change. Being a minority in STEM encouraged Daisy to join WSU’s Team Mentoring Program. She began as a mentee in her freshman year and was a mentor her final three semesters. With this program, Daisy advocated for minorities at the university and further explored her passion to advocate for women in agriculture.
“The program has shown me that I do have a voice, and my voice does count,” Daisy said.
Daisy has interned with a major agricultural company for the past two summers and was immediately employed after graduation as a research associate. She believes her experiences advocating for minorities have empowered her to speak up for herself in a professional setting.
Graduating with a WSU degree in fruit and vegetable management and field crop management opens students up to numerous fields within the industry.
“I have a friend who works as a technician in the field, and I have another friend who became a manager for a hops company,” she said.
With the multidisciplinary education provided by WSU, students like Daisy are prepared for many aspects of the industry.
Daisy encourages others to enter the field anywhere they can. “It doesn’t matter where you start, you can always grow from there.”
In August, she will join nine other new fellows of the APS at the society’s 2022 Plant Health meeting. The fellowship honor recognizes members with distinguished contributions to the science and their society, including original research, teaching, leadership, and outreach.
“It takes a village to raise an effective faculty member, and an even bigger village to raise a fellow,” du Toit said. “This award is an acknowledgement to the many mentors and colleagues in South Africa, the U.S.A., and other countries who encouraged me, pushed me beyond my comfort zone, and inspired me to recognize the gratifying career I could have in plant pathology.”
Dr. du Toit is a past president and councilor-at-large to the society, which is made up of nearly 5,000 plant pathologists in higher education, government, industry and private practice. APS advances high-quality, innovative plant pathology research and the sharing of scientific innovations worldwide.
The current Alfred Christianson Distinguished Professor in Vegetable Seed Science at WSU’s Department of Plant Pathology, du Toit currently leads or collaborates on multi-million-dollar research efforts investigating pests and pathogens of onions, studying crippling diseases in spinach seed, seeking genetic traits for improved carrots and sweet corn, and managing seedborne pathogens of table beets and Swiss chard. She has been a WSU scientist since 1998.
Dr. du Toit earned her bachelor’s degree in plant pathology at the University of Natal-Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, and holds advanced degrees in plant pathology from the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign.
“I hadn’t heard of plant pathology when I started my undergraduate degree,” du Toit said. “Once I recognized that this profession afforded the opportunity to work in science and directly with the communities affected by plant pathogens, I was hooked.”
As an undergraduate, she was given a gift membership to APS by a professor.
“I had no clue, reading the first APS newsletter I received in South Africa in 1991, what impact this membership would have on my career,” du Toit said. “The professional mentoring, networking, and development opportunities provided by APS to graduate students and early career professionals are incredible.”
The society has offered more than 1,200 student travel awards, and APS meetings are rich in scientific exchange and professional development opportunities. Members produce books, journals, and other resources for practitioners around the world.
“APS is a supportive community that believes in the value of our science for improving communities globally,” du Toit said. “It is a sincere pleasure to give back to the APS community that has given me so much.”